2ND AFRICAN YOUTH CONFERENCE ON ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Young Lawyers Foundation coordinated 1st Africa youth conference Energy and Climate Change in 2015, which brought together more than 17 different nationalities in Dare s salaam under the theme Inclusion of Youth Voice in COP21 and Beyond for Sustainable Development. The conference resulted in many youth related initiatives in climate change and energy sector across the region and alert to the governments and other stakeholders on youth innovation support and engagement. Last year’s conference resolutions were shared with several stakeholders including the governments, United Nations and presented during the conference of youth COY 11 in Paris.
This year Young Lawyers Foundation in association with Green Livelihood for Century Development and Green Icon we are coordinating 2nd African Youth Conference on Energy and Climate Change in Arusha at East Africa Conference Centre under the theme Role of Youth in Sustainable Environment and Climate Change Initiatives. Aiming at bringing youth together share, learn and experience various innovative ways in addressing environmental and climate change issues in their society towards COP 22.
In 2015 the world is finally producing renewable energy at an industrial scale. Renewable energies are becoming more important for enabling energy access and providing energy security - particularly in Africa. For climate change, this is the time of urgency, big ideas, and hope. 2015 was a year of decisions – particularly at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris, where the Paris agreement was passed and later signed with over 100 countries in 2016.
At COP 21 in Paris, Parties to the UNFCCC reached a historic agreement to combat climate change and to accelerate and intensify the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future. The Paris Agreement requires all Parties to put forward their best efforts through “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead.
Achieving Sustainable Development Goals is a process that requires close youth participation, currently more than 1.2 people are youth between ages of 15-24 years. Sustainable development can be achieved through everyone’s commitment towards implementation and sustainability initiatives.
International Youth Conference on Environmental sustainability and climate change initiatives are aiming at bringing more than 300 youth from various parts of the globe as conference participants to discuss, share and give views on Environmental sustainability and climate change initiatives as part of youth consultation on energy and climate change process.
The conference further aims to take an interest in youth involvement in the African economy examining the energy and climate change extending from policies, laws, livelihoods, employment, innovation and technology opportunities and the challenges, also involving youth voice in COP 22 and beyond.
The conference will invite exhibitions on climate change initiatives done by different stakeholders to respond and protect environment problems and, youth experts and experienced experts in the sector will give presentations to awaken and create a room for further discussions in caucuses.
a) Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Internationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)
According to Article 4 paragraph 2 of the Paris agreement, each Party shall prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve. Parties shall pursue domestic mitigation measures, with the aim of achieving the objectives of such contributions. Furthermore, in accordance with Article 4 paragraph 12 of the Agreement, NDCs communicated by Parties shall be recorded in a public registry maintained by the secretariat.
The COP, by its decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 29, requested the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) to develop modalities and procedures for the operation and use of the public registry referred to in Article 4, paragraph 12, of the Paris Agreement, for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA) at its first session.
This topic will aim at exploring possible NDCs and how well can they be implemented and exposed to the public for enforcement and accountability.
b) Gender and Climate Change
Climate change has a greater impact on those sections of the population, in all countries, that are most reliant on natural resources for their livelihoods and/or who have the least capacity to respond to natural hazards, such as droughts, landslides, floods and hurricanes. Women commonly face higher risks and greater burdens from the impacts of climate change in situations of poverty, and the majority of the world’s poor are